National Labor Relations Act Essay

1298 Words Feb 6th, 2006 6 Pages
The National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), also known as the Wagner Act, was enacted in Congress in 1935 and became one of the most important legacies of the New Deal. Prior to the passage of the NLRA, employers had been free to spy on, interrogate, discipline, discharge, and blacklist union members. Reversing years of federal opposition, the statute guaranteed the right of employees to organize labor unions, to engage in collective bargaining, and to take part in strikes. The act also created a National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) to arbitrate deadlocked labor-management disputes, guarantee democratic union elections, and penalize unfair labor practices by employers. The law applied to all employees involved in the interstate
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Members of management may lawfully inform employees of their rights, explaining that they do have the right to refrain from union activities and may not lawfully be threatened or coerced by the union. Management may also inform employees of their current benefits and treatment, including wages, health benefits, grievance processes, job security records, and improvement in working conditions. This allows the employer to highlight the positive things that may result from direct dealing between management and employees, as opposed to collective bargaining by the union. Management may also explain potential disadvantages to unionization, including financial obligations, penalties and fines for conduct unbecoming a union member, use of dues for activities other than collective bargaining, and seniority clauses that may limit opportunities for more capable employees. The employer may also provide facts about the organizing union, including strike record, financial status, union leadership salaries and benefits, history of other organizational drives, and any unlawful activities of past union officials. Lastly, members of management may explain the effects of a union victory, including possibility of decrease in benefits and the fact that the union contract may

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