Maritime Transport Essay

3167 Words Jun 24th, 2011 13 Pages
Possible Liberalization of Maritime Transport Services through GATS

Table of Contents

1. Introduction.……………………………………………………………………………….3

2. Development of Negotiation Rounds……………………………………………………….

2.1. Uruguay Round and NGMTS……………………………………………………………4

2.2. Doha Round……………………………………………………………………………...5

3. The three pillars of the Maritime Schedule………………………………………………...6

4. Benefits of Liberalization of Maritime Trade……………………………………………….

4.1. Possible Profits of Liberalization of the three pillars under GATS…………………….....7

4.2. Liberalization of cabotage by means of the US example…………………………………8

5. Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………..9

6. Bibliography……………………………………………………………………………….10

1. Introduction
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The three pillars focus on three main sub sectors of Maritime Trade Services: international maritime transport (so far excluding cabotage), maritime auxiliary services and access to and use of port services (including berthing, tugging and pilotage as well as other services under the “additional commitments”).These pillars will be further defined in the next section.
The main reasons for failure can be related to the different approaches the participating countries had and to the lack of commitment of the US as the world’s leading trading nation.

Whilst the EU , Japan and the northern European countries voted for a total liberalization within a short period of time , the developing countries were against such a rapid change, arguing that the maritime industry was an “infant industry and needed to be protected in most developing countries”.[5] On top of that the US preferred to have bilateral agreements on maritime services between trading partners as they feared that multilateral agreements would result in “free-ridings”.
In the end of the Uruguay round the major negotiators, the US and the EU didn’t make any commitments whilst almost 31 countries agreed on commitments in maritime services.
In order to continue negotiations, a Negotiation Group on Maritime Transport Services (NGMTS) was formed.
However due to the continued different agenda and interests of the members and the withdrawal of the US obligations,

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