Liberalism Is A Philosophical, Political And Economic Ideology
Followers of liberalism believe that society and law should be structured in accordance with certain unchangeable and unchallengeable human rights, especially the rights to life, liberty and property. It also suggests that traditions do not carry any particular inherent value, that social practices should be continuously adjusted for the greater benefit of humanity, and that there should be no foundational assumptions that take precedence over other aspects of government.
The ideal of liberalism is a society with freedom of action for everyone, free exchange of politically sensitive information, and freedom of private enterprise. Liberalism rejects previous theories of the state, such as the divine right of kings to rule and the role of religion as the primary source of knowledge. Fundamental principles of liberalism include the right to liberty and property, as well as other civil rights.
While liberals typically believe that government is necessary to protect individuals from being harmed by others; they also recognize that government itself can pose a threat to liberty. The function of the government is reduced under liberalism to ensure these protections.
There are two major branches within Liberalism, Classical Liberalism and Social Liberalism:
Classical Liberalism holds that the only real freedom is…