Japanese Internment Camp Essay

1463 Words Dec 1st, 2006 6 Pages
Japanese Internment Camps The Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Many Americans were afraid of another attack, so the state representatives pressured President Roosevelt to do something about the Japanese who were living in the United States at the time. President Roosevelt authorized the internment with Executive Order 9066 which allowed local military commanders to designate military areas as exclusion zones, from which any or all persons may be excluded. Twelve days later, this was used to declare that all people of Japanese ancestry were excluded from the entire Pacific coast. This included all of California and most of Oregon and Washington. Because of this order, 120,000 people of Japanese descent living in …show more content…
There were many cases that reached the Supreme Court. These included Yasui v. United States, Hirabayashi v. United States, and Korematsu v. United States. Fred Korematsu was a U.S. born Japanese American. He decided to stay in San Leandro, California and violated the exclusion order. This is because he refused ot be separated from his Italian girlfriend. He was arressted and convicted of violating the exclusion order. There was never any question raised as to Korematsu's loyalty to the United States. Korematsu v. United States was an important Supreme Court case that resulted from the Japanese internment camps. This case asked the question of whether or not the President and Congress went beyond their powers to implement the exclusion and restricting the rights of Americans of Japanese descent. The Supreme Court decided 6-3 that the exclusion order was not unconstituional. The Supreme Court felt that the need to protect against espionage outweighed Fred Korematsu;s individual rights, and the rights of Americans of Japanese descent. However, Korematsu's conviction was overturned on November 10, 1983. This is because in Korematsu's original case, the government had knowingly submitted information that was false to the Supreme Court that would have affected their decision. President Roosevelt issued executive orders permitting the military to exclude certain persons from military areas

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