Interventions for Children with Autism Essay

1776 Words Dec 2nd, 2012 8 Pages
Interventions for Children with Autism

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Interventions for Children with Autism

Individuals with autism demonstrate delays or deficits in social interaction and behaviours. Autism is apparent from early childhood, but can emerge in early adulthood. It is associated with a wide range of possible causes, but genetic factors are the main causes. Children with autism have impairments in cognition, language delays, and lack of or poor social interactions. Lack of communication may force these children to adopt repetitive behaviours such as self-inflicted injuries and violence. The teaching process requires interventions that address the repetitive behaviours, skill development, and play
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Students in the TEACCH programmes attend mainstream or special schools, or remain at home with their parents and therapists make home visits and provide advice to the teaching staff. The visual learning activities help the student and adults perform most activities with little support from parents or trainers. This has helped adults receiving support participate in community activities with minimum assistance from supervisors. The main disadvantage of the programme is the lack of activities that address autism directly. The programme provides mechanisms of minimising the difficulties instead of addressing autism. Children within the programme may require other approaches to autism, but there is a likelihood of compromising the effectiveness of the programme or incorporated approaches (Jordan, Jones and Murray, 1998).

ABA (Applied Behaviour Analysis)

ABA provides behavioural approaches in the education process of children with autism and severe learning difficulties. It incorporates interventions such as applied behaviour analysis and discrete trial learning (Jordan, Jones and Murray, 1998). In applied behaviour analysis, a skill is analysed into steps, which are then used as a teaching programme for the student. The discrete trial learning process presents the steps with a clear goal and rewards are issued when the students completes the activities successfully. The behavioural approaches have

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