Essay Impact of Nationalism

1427 Words Nov 24th, 2012 6 Pages
Impact of Nationalism

During the 19th and 20th centuries, nationalism played a crucial role in shaping the world, both constructively and destructively. Throughout history, nationalism can be found almost everywhere, with the desire for self-determination and independence as its primary catalysts. Nationalism can take form in politicians, national leaders, propaganda and mass media. In the last two centuries, the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, the emergence of independent nations, the two most influential wars of all time, World War I and World War II, and the rise of the worlds’ superpowers, the United States of America and the Soviet Union can all be partially attributed to strong sense of nationalism and played an important role
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The failed revolt resulted in Hitler going to jail. Three years later, in 1926, Hitler sought to obtain power legally through an election. He gained 2.3% of the popular vote which resulted in a loss; however, Hitler did not give up, “After 1929, National Socialism made rapid gains because it had broad appeal. Hitler attracted disillusioned people, many of whom blamed the young German democracy for Germany’s misfortunes: a humiliating peace treaty-the Treaty of Versailles-that identified Germany as responsible for the Great War”. The citizens of Germany were angry at what they considered to be the unfair terms of the Treaty of Versailles. This anger coupled with the harsh economic times frustrated many citizens and left them looking for political change. Hitler’s forms of nationalism included promising the German people that he could fix all of this and restore greatness to Germany. The German people believed Hitler because he gave them hope, and in 1933 Hitler won the election with 37% of the popular vote. Hitler used nationalism to his advantage and led the German people to believe that he could bring Germany out of the depression. Paul von Hindenburg, the President of the Nazi party, offered Adolf Hitler the chancellorship in 1934. Hitler gladly accepted the position, passing the Enabling Act soon after which gave supreme power to the

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