Health promotion and teaching are important tools for nursing. By promoting health and health teaching, nurses can help lay the foundation for a healthier future.
Major Concepts and Definitions
Beliefa statement of sense, declared or implied, that is intellectually and/or emotionally accepted as true by a person or group.
Attitudea relatively constant feeling, predisposition, or a set of beliefs that is directed toward an object, a person, or a situation.
Valuea preference that is shared and transmitted within a community.
Behavioral diagnosisthe delineation of the specific health actions that are most likely to effect a health outcome.
Health Belief Modela paradigm used to predict and explain health behavior
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This encompasses physical and nonphysical elements from religion to economy to food and water. All these elements impact man. Since man is in constant interaction with this environment, it is imperative nursing analyzes what type of nursing interventions would be most effective in modifying behavior. This can be guided by connecting three types of expectancies (a) environmental cues, (b) outcome expectation, (c) efficacy expectation and incentives as described in Bandura's (1986) Social Cognitive Theory (Edleman & Mandle, 1998). For nurses to assess the client and the environment, the nurse must consider the following from the Health Belief Model: 1. Individual perceptions or readiness for change. 2. Modifying factors about the person. 3. Motivating and environmental factors. 4. Client-nurse transaction factors which include past use of health services, perceived benefits of health action and barriers to promotion action (Edleman & Mandle, 1998). These are all external factors to man which make up the environment. Since environment is ever changing, it is necessary to continuously assess, plan, implement and evaluate. Relationships or Linkages This model focuses on health promotion and teaching. The concepts of man, health and environment are linked to this central theme. Since every man is comprised of different cultures, beliefs, values and environments and health can be altered by these factors, it is up to nursing