From a Sociological Perspective Essay examples

4061 Words Apr 5th, 2005 17 Pages
From a sociological perspective, explanation for criminality is found in two levels which are the subculture and the structural explanations. The sociological explanations emphasize aspects of societal arrangements that are external to the actor and compelling. A sociological explanation is concerned with how the structure of a society, institutional practices or its persisting cultural themes affect the conduct of its members. Individual differences are denied or ignored, and the explanation of the overall collective behavior is sought in the patterning of social arrangements that is considered to be both outside the actor and prior to him (Sampson, 1985).
That is, the social patterns of power or of institutions which are held to be
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Explanations of this sort do not necessarily bear the title ethnic, although they are so designated here because they partake of the general assumption that there are group differences in learned preferences in what is rewarded and punished and that these group differences have a persistence often called tradition. Such explanations are of a piece whether they are advanced as descriptions of regional cultures, generational differences or national characteristics (Hirschi, 1969). Their common them is the differences in ways of life out of which differences in crime rates seem to flow. Ethnic explanations are proposed under and assortment of labels, but they have in common the fact that they do not limit the notion of subculture to class culture (Hirschi). They seem particularly justified where differences in social status are not so highly correlated with differences in conduct as are other indicators of cultural difference. Thus, many sociologist in this field argue that in the United states economics and status positions in the community cannot be shown to account for differences {in homicide rates} between whites and Negroes or between southerners and northerners (Freeman, 1983). In relevance, an index of southerners is found to be highly correlated with homicide rates in the United States. Therefore, there is a measurable regional culture that promotes murder. The hazard of accepting a subcultural explanation and at the same time wishing to be a doctor to the

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