Euthanasia refers to the intentional bringing about of the death of a patient, either by killing him/her, or by letting him/her die, for the patient's sake to prevent further pain or suffering from a terminal illness. Euthanasia is a complex issue in many underlying theological, sociological, moral, and legal aspects. Its legalization is heavily debated around the world, with strong arguments made for both sides of the issue. The supporters of euthanasia often repeated that "We have to respect the freedom of the patient" or "people should be able to exercise control over their own lives and death." However, Euthanasia, by nature, is "wrongfully killing" or "mercy killing", and if we allow any type of euthanasia, all sorts of negative
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Suicidal people who temporarily suffer from depression typically undergo severe emotional and physical strain. Depression which contributes to the sense of hopelessness is the primary trigger of most suicidal behavior. When patients are suffering greatly from the pain, they are very likely to give up medical treatment to end their lives easily. However, depression can be treated and the feeling of hopelessness can be re-channeled in more rational and positive ways. Legalizing euthanasia will deprive a significant part of suicide attempters of their chances to pursue medical and professional psychological assistance to overcome depression.
Finally, I think the reason that many people support to legalize euthanasia, is not because they really respect people's freedom of living and dying, but because they do not care about this issue at all. If euthanasia is legalized, many patients might face the cold reality that the society and other people do not care about their lives. Those patients will be disadvantaged by apathetic public judgment. A simple "yes" or "no" decision will significantly affect a small and weak group of people's fates. However, the debate of legalizing euthanasia is a complicated and controversial issue that relates to people's fundamental rights of living and dying, which should not be decided in such a normative and irresponsible way.
In conclusion, the debate of legalizing