Electoral College System Essay example

1135 Words Aug 15th, 2006 5 Pages
Analyze criticism of the "Electoral College" system and the alleged advantages and disadvantages of various reform proposals.

The Electoral College is a system in which the individual voter does not actually vote directly for the president. When a person votes they are voting for an elector that has pledged their vote or allegiance to the running party. The Framers realized that without widespread communications available at the time and with other varying factors an "each vote counts" or "the popular vote" system would not be practical. Because of this they formed the Electoral College system, Under Article II of the US Constitution, although this system was never called this in the Article. This system has survived for over 200 years,
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The proponents of the Electoral College system point out that the system helps keep one region from dominating over another region. This can keep a large metropolitan area from dominating a very rural area for votes. It allows these areas to join together to cast their vote.

This system can in many areas help the minority interests. With most minorities located in areas that have the largest number of Electoral votes even a small number of votes can have a large impact on the outcome.

With the Electoral College system encourages a two-party system and helps contribute to a cleaner and more useful government. Without this there could be hundreds of small single-issue parties that would cause the government to only look at one or two issues. This forces many small issue parties to joint into one large party and help streamline the election process.

One of the biggest reasons that proponents believe in the Electoral College system is that it works. There has not been a single election decided in the House of Representatives in this century.

Due to these issues there have been many proposed changes to the Electoral College system. Some of these changes have included a proportional vote, the Maine-Nebraska method, and the "drop-two" Electoral votes.

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