Ectopic Pregnancy Essay

2431 Words Oct 16th, 2007 10 Pages
In a normal pregnancy, a fertilized egg travels from the location of fertilization (the fallopian tube) to the uterus. Sometimes however, the egg grows in the wrong place, which is known as an ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy was first documented as early as 1693 during a routine autopsy performed on a female prisoner condemned to death and executed (Speroff, pg. 947). In order to understand ectopic pregnancy one must understand the normal physiology of conception, how and why things can go wrong to cause ectopic pregnancy, how it is diagnosed, and how it is treated. Each month, with the menstrual cycle every woman goes through hormonal changes. The pituitary gland (located in the brain) releases hormones such as follicle stimulating …show more content…
This could constrict the openings of the fallopian tubes. Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are a form of contraception. Inserted into the uterus, an IUD can provide a woman long lasting birth control. These scratches and scars are created because the IUD is an unfamiliar and abnormal plastic device that sits in the uterus floating around scratching the sides and tubes. It prevents an egg from attaching to the uterine lining. Unfortunately these IUD's can also cause scarring in the fallopian tubes. Like endometriosis the scars can cause an ectopic pregnancy. Finally, modern technology, used to help women get pregnant, has also increased the risks of ectopic pregnancy. For example, in In Vitro fertilization an embryo is grown in a test tube and reimplanted into the uterus. Sometimes however, in implantation the embryo travels through the uterus and into the fallopian tube where it would have formed originally. The embryo then becomes stuck in the fallopian tube, causing a tubal pregnancy. As in a normal pregnancy, a woman with a tubal pregnancy will generally miss her period and experience the normal symptoms of pregnancy, such as morning sickness, fatigue, and breast tenderness. However, as the embryo grows inside the fallopian tube and the tube stretches, a woman will develop warning signs that will cause her to seek medical attention. These signs include severe cramps or pain due to stretching, and irregular

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