Deontology and Utilitarianism Essay
EXAMPLE:- STRENGHTS AND LIMITATIONS:-
Both Utilitarianism and Deontology have their own strengths and weakness. The following are the strengths of utilitarianism;
1. It is a moral philosophy which holds that the moral worth of actions is to be judged in terms of the consequences of those actions.
2. It also asserts that the maximisation of pleasure or happiness is therefore the moral end. But this ought not to be taken in simplistic terms.
3. It is a situational ethics. In other words, each case is judged on its own merits, at least in principle.
The limitations of Utilitarianism are as follows;
1. Utilitarianism has been criticised for leading to a number of conclusions contrary to "common sense" morality. For example, it might be argued that it is "common sense" that one should never sacrifice some humans for the happiness of other humans. Utilitarians, however, argue that "common sense" has been used to justify many positions on both sides of this controversy.
2. Many argue that pleasure is not quantifiable and cannot be compared on a measurable scale.
3. It relies on the capacity to predict outcomes, yet most lack the foresight to be able to do so with accuracy. Utilitarianism has thus been dubbed the ‘Swine Ethic’.