China and India
China and India were both very advanced ancient civilizations. Both agricultural based civilizations made various technological advances. Although China and India shared many similarities, they had differences such as the social system, politics, and the importance of trade in the economy.
The hierarchy of ancient China and India were similar with a noticeable sign of select individuals being considered “higher” then others. The caste system was strict in India and prohibited other classes from interacting with each other. China’s social system differed from India’s caste system, by not demonstrating a formal and strict social ladder. Where in India there existed over three hundred subcastes at one point, China had a
…show more content…
Even though in China and India both had dynasties, a major difference between the ancient Chinese and Indian civilization was that China was a strong bureaucracy with strict rules while India had a looser government with a lack of strict guidelines. In China, the emperor maintained control with government officials, differing from India because in India this was absent. Unlike the Chinese who relied on a strong government, the Indians chose to depend on the social caste and religious beliefs to keep public order. Where in China there was an official language set by the centralized government, India had a promoted language but no sort of official language. One important fact that helped both civilizations strive, was that the rulers and leaders promoted improving technology and broadening knowledge. The flourishing economy in China and India was a cause of learning more and having the ability to create new material. Trade in India was much more emphasized then in China, therefore far greater materials were traded and trade routes were expanded in India. Although they had their differences, agriculture stayed as a major role in the economy of both civilizations. The politics and economy of these two societies allowed them to both flourish and expand into great ancient civilizations.
Along with the numerous similarities between ancient China and India there existed an equal amount of differences, ranging from