Compare and Contrast the Theories of Piaget and Vygosky Essay

654 Words Apr 26th, 2013 3 Pages
Compare and Contrast the Theories of Piaget and Vygosky
Tiffany AbelleraBlas
BSHS/342
February 3, 2013
Dr. Branch

Compare and Contrast the Theories of Piaget and Vygosky
In this essay I will be comparing and contrasting the differences between two theorist, Jean Piaget (1896-1980) and Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934). Though both agreed that children’s cognitive development took place in stages. However they were distinguished by different styles of thinking. Piaget felt that children progressed in four different stages of cognitive development, This theory is know as Piaget’s Stage Theory because it deals with four stages of development, which are sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational and formal operational. As for Vygotsky,
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In the intuitive phase the child moves away from drawing conclusions based upon concrete experiences with objects. On problem, which identifies children in this stage, is the inability to cognitively conserve relevant spatial information. This is when a material is manipulated and no longer matches the cognitive image that a child has made, that child believes the amount of material has been altered instead of just its shape.
The third stage, Concrete Operational stage that is from ages seven to ten. Children of this age are in school and they begin to deal with abstract concepts such as numbers, relationships and how to reason. They can now group certain things into categories, and put objects into size order, number order, and any other types of systematic ordering. There is a form of logical reasoning and thinking. Using logic, the child is capable of reversibility and conservation, which is the understanding of that mental operations and physical operations, can be reversed. They are now beginning to understand other people’s perspectives and views and are capable of concentrating on more than one thing at a time. In this stage a person can do mental operations but only with real concrete objects, events or situations.
The last stage in Piaget’s theory is the formal operational stage that is from twelve to fifteen. The child has become more adult-like

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