Essay on Comparative Politics of the French and Mexican Governments

1909 Words Nov 3rd, 2005 8 Pages
Political Science 113 Prof. Laremont Ronald Summers The political systems of today's world vary tremendously as you span the world. Each of these systems has gone through an evolution based on mistakes of the past and the needs of a stable and equal government. Most nations throughout the world observe political means through either Unitary or Federal legislation. The Federal government of Mexico and the unitary government of France are perfect examples of the differences and similarities of unicameral and bicameral legislature. When looking at the political systems we must first understand the ideologies behind it. The main ideology that has help to define the French political system is that of bicameral legislation. In bicameral …show more content…
Beginning this year, all members of the Senate will be on the same election cycle. Geographic areas are represented by half of the senate (64 members), two of which are elected from each state and the Distrito Federal, and the other 64 members are elected based of the number of votes received for each party. Unfortunately, even though deputies and senators may be reelected, they cannot be reelected in consecutive terms. The chamber of deputies has the power to impose taxes, pass laws, and verify elections. The senate can also ratify treaties and sometimes approves presidential appointments. Both legislative bodies have little power, and all bills submitted to the president are approved. This is due most likely a result of the historical prominence of presidential power. Just like the legislative branch, the judiciary has played a very minor role in Mexico's political process due to the president's vast power. As with the United States the highest court is the supreme court, which is appointed by the president with the approval of two-thirds of the Senate. But unlike the U.S., the Supreme Court rarely shapes laws through judicial precedent. By not having the power to use judicial precedence, the Mexican supreme court is very limited in it's ability to change or modify the country's laws, which leaves the court with little influence over important policy matters. The decisions of the Supreme Court usually follow the

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