Essay on Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

2679 Words May 4th, 2008 11 Pages
Introduction:
In order to overcome behavioral problems such as anxiety, depression or fear, individuals usually communicate their problems or anxieties with their trusted friends or family members. In case of a somewhat complicated problem, a counselor is consulted. These are a relatively simple form of psychotherapies that individuals have been practicing from centuries. However, with the development of modern science and advancements in the field of psychology, theorists have identified some more effective approaches for psychoanalysis. The most noticeable work in this regard was done by Sigmund Freud who was the first to develop modern techniques for psychoanalysis. Despite of the fact that Freud’s approaches towards psychoanalysis
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To achieve this state, an individual is expected to go through a process of personal development, organized living and meditation. Meditation is given central importance in Buddhism. It recommends two different forms of meditations. One is known as samatha (harmony) and the other is known as vipassana (concentration). It is claimed that meditation, if conducted in a proper manner, may lead to increased level of concentration, independence from disturbance, development of an ability to adapt with the changing surroundings and an increased level of awareness. Recent studies have revealed that Buddhist meditation techniques can prove to be beneficial in achieving certain psychological objectives. For instance, it can be used as a stress reduction technique in place of the modern relaxation strategies. It has also been discovered that meditation can lead to several other changes including reduced oxygen consumption, decreased blood pressure and lesser heart rate. Buddhism also recommends several other behavior modification strategies other than meditation. These strategies are considerably similar to the modern techniques of psychotherapy. Some of these techniques, which resemble to that of modern approaches of psychotherapy, include reduction of fear through graded exposure and mutual reticence, use of rewards to encourage desirable behavior, use of modeling techniques to persuade behavioral change and

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