Battle of Saratoga Essay

1251 Words Mar 11th, 2007 6 Pages
Battle of Saratoga

During the time of the American Revolution, there were many battles that took place and affected the Revolution. One battle though, made a huge impact on the American Revolution. The Battle of Saratoga proved that the disadvantaged and weaker American forces were strong enough to overpower the British forces. It all started when General John Burgoyne needed to get his forces to Albany. He and his army headed across the Hudson River, where they would then take a road south-ward to Albany. Burgoyne knew the enemy (American forces) were in the area, but he did not know of their exact location. Leading to the Battles of Bemis Heights and Freeman's Farm, the Battle of Saratoga became known as a highly significant battle
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Bemis Heights was another big marking point during the American Revolution, also having big turning points for each force. The Battle of Bemis Heights was the most significant battle of the Saratoga campaign because it was the battle that caused Burgoyne's surrender to the American forces. Bemis Heights was also located on the west bank of the Hudson River about 10 miles from Saratoga. The riverbanks went upward; forming bluffs about 100-300 feet high. Bemis Heights was also surrounded by woods, making it harder for the British forces to take out the Americans. Burgoyne led about 1,500 men to fight off the militia at Bemis Heights. The British suffered about 400 casualties while the Americans only reported about 150 casualties. This proved that American forces at times were stronger (or at least more intelligent) than the British. Multiple battle tactics and strategies were used and discussed at the Battle of Bemis Heights. General Horatio Gates and Benedict Arnold were debating whether or not they should keep their fortifications high in the outcroppings where they seemed more affective, or if they should set up fortifications down in the woods below the heights. Gates decided to keep his army where they were, infuriating Arnold, thus making Arnold be relieved from his position in the American army. Daniel Morgan's groups of riflemen were dispatched under Gates orders. The British were badly outnumbered, but came

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